Autism: a complex neurological disorder
Autism is a complex neurological disorder that primarily affects the ability to communicate and interact with others. It’s suffered more on boys than girls. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), depending on the accuracy of the diagnosis, there may be up to 21 autistic for every 10,000 children. Despite studies realized the causes are not yet known, but are three hypotheses: genetic, biochemical abnormalities that affect the functioning of the brain and psychiatric antecedents in the family.
It can be diagnosed around the age of 3 years and usually during the first year. Its first manifestations are the petting rejection by the infant:
-It is usually a very quiet, passive and solitary child
-Seems that don't see, or hear nothing, no smiles, avoids looks and prefers to entertain alone.
-Remain very distant even with their parents. Show indifference to social rules and to others feelings.
-Get more interested in objects than people. Can become obsessed by a particular reason and recreate themselves with rituals of games, objects and rare Collections.
-They express themselves with screams and crying after any change and react with anger when feel destabilized by a new situation or is molested in their activities.
-They completely ignore their image in the mirror
-Can adopt strange and repetitive behaviors such as rocking or twisting their fingers for a long time.
-The predominant feature is the extreme reduction or total absence of communication. The language delay is very common, have difficulties to understand the words, create words and repeat what they hear. The intellectual development is delayed which makes very difficult or impossible any learning process.
However all the symptoms that can occur, the autistic child has a physical aspect and completely normal muscular coordination.
The role of parents is vital to observe the behavior of the child, although it is difficult, understand and accept it, early action with a pediatrician is crucial to be able to treat it properly. This will allow insert to the child in the proper education environment, with effective programs, in the appropriate environment, focused in the development of communication, socialization and cognitive skills that will allow them to thrive as future members of their communities.
Source: WHO Larousse Health