Zica is a viral disease transmitted to humans by mosquitoes and is characterized by sudden onset of fever, usually accompanied by pain joints. Other signs and common symptoms are: muscle aches, headaches, nausea, tiredness and skin rashes. Joint aches tend to be very debilitating, but they usually disappear in a few days.
The majority of patients recover completely, but in some cases pain joints can last several months, or even years. Occasional cases with ocular, neurologic and cardiac complications, and gastrointestinal disturbances have been described. The complications serious not are frequent, but in people older the disease may contribute to the death.
The Zica Virus is transmitted from one person to others by the bite of infected female mosquitoes. Usually the mosquitoes involved are Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus two species that can also transmit other viruses, including that of dengue. These mosquitoes tend to bite during the daytime, although its activity can be maximum at the beginning of the morning and at the end of the afternoon. Both species bite outdoors, but Aedes aegypti also can be done in indoor environments.
The disease usually appears between 4 and 8 days after the bite of an infected mosquito, although you can set the delay between 2 and 12 days.
There is no specific antiviral drug to treat the virus. Treatment consists mainly of relieve symptoms including joint pain with antipyretics, optimal pain medication and fluids. There are no commercialized vaccinations against the virus zica.
Prevention and control:
prevention and control are based largely on the reduction of the number of deposits of natural and artificial water that can serve as a breeding ground for mosquitoes.
Insecticides can be applied during outbreaks, either by steaming, to kill mosquitoes putting up in flight, either on the surfaces of the tanks or around these, where rest the mosquitoes; also insecticides can be used to treat the water of the deposits in order to kill immature larvae.
As protection during outbreaks it’s recommended to wear clothes that minimize the exposure of the skin to the vectors. Also apply repellents to the skin or to clothing, strictly respecting the instructions of use of the product.
For those who sleep during the day, mostly young children, the sick and the elderly, insecticide-treated nets provide good protection.
People traveling to areas at risk should take basic precautions, such as the use of repellents, long pants and long sleeves, or the installation of mosquito nets on the windows.
Natural Systems invites you to keep informed of the progress of the virus, in order to prevent the spread of the disease.