The different types of fat we store (2nd part)
We all need fat in our body, whether in a high or moderate percentage. What you may not know is that depending on its composition and where you are can differentiate between different types of fat. We asked about this topic in the user marinamnk Vitónica Answers, so the answer here.
We assume that fat is essential in our body, but only in a small percentage, which is what is known as essential fat: about 3% in men, and between 8% and 12% in the women. That's the fat that your body needs to survive and performs protective functions of the organs. The rest is used mostly for energy when the body's demand.
Types of fat by location
Depending where you are in our body we can distinguish two types of fat enter.
Hard fat or visceral fat: is located in the abdomen, among organs. It is the most difficult to remove and the more dangerous because it is directly related to other diseases such as diabetes or cardiovascular risk. It is more common in men than in women.
Soft fat, subcutaneous fat or peripheral fat: is located beneath the skin but not between organs, but in a more external zone. It is easier to remove and less dangerous than the last. It is more common in women, especially in the area of hips and buttocks.
Intermuscular fat: which is located between the muscle fibers. It is a tiny amount compared with the other two types, and increases with age in both men and women.
To learn how we can detect visceral fat and how we can eliminate you can read this post I wrote a while about it.
Types of fat by function
Brown fat is a type of fat we have when we're kids and that is metabolically active, ie, produces energy (produced heat to increase the temperature of the body and thus protect us from the cold). The bad news is that these stores of brown fat disappear with age, but not quite.
White fat: is found in the fat deposits that we as adults and that merely act as an energy source when the body needs it, but it is not metabolically active. That is, it is stored, but does nothing else.
Beige fat: in adults, brown fat deposits are called beige fat. They are made up of white fat on which he has performed irisin hormone (discovered relatively recently, in 2012), which makes for similar (though not identical) to those of brown fat.
By now you may be thinking that any irisin is the panacea to burn fat. Indeed, it is studying its use as a drug to improve problems of obesity and diabetes. But do you know how irisin production in the body naturally rises? Surprise! With physical activity.
To improve your body composition "only" you need a healthy diet and some exercise practiced regularly. Thus keep your percentage of fat in a normal value and enjoy the benefits of physical activity.